Vaccinate Your Baby

Vaccine-Preventable Diseases

Click on the photo above to open the Vaccine-Preventable Diseases eBook!

Designed to be online and interactive, Every Child By Two's Vaccine-Preventable Diseases eBook includes important information on vaccine-preventable diseases and the vaccines used to prevent them. Each disease page also contains an interesting fact and graphic about the disease. The eBook may also be downloaded, printed and distributed - either as whole or as individual disease pages. To view and download the individual disease pages, please click on the links to each disease below. We hope that you find it to be a useful tool and share it with other parents and caregivers looking for information on vaccine-preventable diseases.

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is a serious bacterial disease that frequently causes heart and nerve problems. Without treatment, 40-50% of infected persons die, with the highest death rates occurring in the very young and the elderly. Read more >>

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)

Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib) is a serious bacterial infection that can cause acute bacterial meningitis, pneumonia, seizures, permanent deafness and mental retardation. Even with treatment, as many as 1 out of 20 children with Hib meningitis die. As many as 1 out of 5 children who survive Hib meningitis will have brain damage or become deaf.Read more >>

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a contagious liver disease that results from infection with the hepatitis A virus. It can range in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious illness lasting several months. Read more >>

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B, caused by infection with the hepatitis B virus, is a contagious liver disease that ranges in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness. Many parents mistakenly believe that hepatitis B is strictly a sexually-transmitted disease and are reluctant to have their child vaccinated at the recommended ages. In fact, an individual who is unaware that they have hepatitis B can easily pass on the disease to an unvaccinated child when giving birth (spread from infected mother to baby) or through actions as simple as a kiss on the mouth, the sharing of a toothbrush, or contact with blood (as can happen when kissing a "boo boo"). Read more >>

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a common virus that can cause genital warts (warts on the genital areas); recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (a rare condition in which warts grow in the throat); cervical cancer; genital cancer (cancer of the vulva, vagina, penis, or anus); and oropharyngeal cancer (cancer in the back of throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils). HPV is the main cause of cervical cancer in women. Read more >>

Influenza

Influenza (flu) causes anywhere between 3,000 to 49,000 deaths and 200,000 hospitalizations in the United States. During a "typical" flu season, the majority of deaths resulting from seasonal flu occur in the elderly. However, the highest rates of infection and hospitalization are among young children. Read more >>

Measles

Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that grows in the cells that line the back of the throat and lungs. Studies show that children with exemptions from the measles vaccine (MMR) are 22 times more likely to contract measles than their non-exempt peers, making immunizations that protect from this deadly disease critical. Read more >>

Meningococcal disease

Meningococcal disease is a serious bacterial illness, and is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children two through 18 years old in the United States. About 1,000 - 2,600 people get meningococcal disease each year in the U.S. and 10-15 percent of these people die. Read more >>

Mumps

Prior to the mumps vaccine, the U.S. suffered approximately 200,000 cases of mumps per year with 20 to 30 deaths. Since a second dose of mumps vaccine was added to the standard childhood MMR series, annual cases are now in the hundreds rather than the thousands. Read more >>

Pertussis

Also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a highly contagious vaccine-preventable disease that can cause coughing spells that may last for many weeks or even months. It is also the most common vaccine-preventable disease in the U.S. Read more >>

Pneumococcal

Pneumococcal bacterium is spread by coughing and sneezing. It is the most common cause of pneumonia, inflammation of the coverings of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis), bloodstream infection (sepsis), ear infections and sinus infections (sinusitis) in children under 2 years of age. Read more >>

Polio

Before the polio vaccine was available, an average of 50,000 polio cases were reported in the U.S. each year. Polio was one of the most dreaded childhood diseases of the 20th century. Thanks to the discovery of the vaccine, polio has been eradicated from the U.S. Read more >>

Rotavirus

Rotavirus is a disease of the digestive tract caused by any one of three strains of rotavirus. Infection causes acute gastroenteritis (vomiting and diarrhea), and humans of all ages are susceptible to rotavirus infection. Read more >>

Rubella

Before the rubella vaccine was introduced, widespread outbreaks mostly affected children in the 5-9 year age group. Between 1962 and 1965, rubella infections during pregnancy were estimated to have caused 30,000 still births and 20,000 children to be born impaired or disabled. Read more >>

Tetanus

Commonly known as lockjaw, tetanus is a severe disease that causes stiffness and spasms of the muscles, with approximately 30 percent of reported cases ending in death. Tetanus bacteria grow in soil and can therefore never be eradicated. Read more >>

Varicella/Chickenpox

Although generally mild, varicella (chickenpox) is a highly contagious virus that can lead to severe illness with complications such as secondary bacterial infections, severe dehydration, pneumonia, central nervous system irregularities and shingles. Read more >>